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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2005;5(4):49-58.
Published online December 31, 2005.
상재하중을 받는 토류벽체의 거동에 관한 모형실험 연구
정온수, 허경한
Model Test for the Behavior of Retaining Walls Under Surcharge Load
On-Su Jung, Kyung-Han Huh
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to closely examine the influence of the surcharge load applied to the retaining wall through some model tests, in which wall stiffness in each stage of excavation, horizontal displacement of the retaining wall and surface displacement of the backfill according to wall stiffness and ground conditions, and change and distribution of the earth pressure applied to it were measured and their values were produced, then these values were mutually compared with their theoretical values and their values after analysis of the data obtained at the field, and they were analytically studied, in order to closely examine the influence of the surcharge load applied to the retaining wall. Findings from this study are as follows: The shape of ground surface settlement curve on the model ground under surcharge load, different from the distribution curve of regular probabilities which is of a shape of ground surface settlement under no surcharge load, appears in that settlement in an arching shape shows where the center part of surcharge load shows the maximum settlement. In examining the maximum horizontal displacement with the surcharge load applied to each stage of excavation, it occured at the point of 0.8H(excavation depth) when finally excavated. Regarding the range in which the displacement of the retaining wall increases according to application of surcharge load, the increment of displacement showed till the point of depth which is of two times of the distance of load from the upper part of the wall. Also since each displacement of the foundation plate caused by the ground surface settlement according to each stage of excavation occured most significantly at the final stage. Also since regarding wall stiffness, the wall of its thickness of 4mm(flexible coefficient $p:480m^3/t$), produced maximum 3 times of wall stiffness than its thickness of 9mm(flexible coefficient $p: 40m^3/t$), it was found out that influence of wall stiffness is so significant.
Key Words: surcharge load; settlement; retaining wall; backfill; wall stiffness
요지
본 연구에서는 상재하중을 적용한 굴착모형실험을 통하여 상재하중 적용으로 인한 굴착단계별, 벽체강성 및 지반조건에 따른 토류벽체의 수평변위, 배면지반 지표침하, 토류벽체에 적용되는 토압변화 및 분포에 대하여 실험결과치, 이론치 및 현장자료 분석치와 상호비교, 분석하여 상재하중 적용에 의한 영향을 규명하였다. 그 결과 상재하중이 적용된 모형지반에서의 지표침하곡선 형태는 상재하중 미 적용시 지표침하 곡선형태의 정규확률 분포곡선과 달리 상재하중 중앙 부분이 최대 침하를 일으키는 포물선 형태의 침하를 보이고 있으며, 굴착단계별 상재하중 적용으로 인한 벽체최대수평변위는 최종굴착시에 0.8H(보:굴착깊이) 지점에서 벽체의 최대수평변위가 발생하였으며, 상재하중 적용에 따른 벽체변위량의 증가범위는 벽체상부로부터 하중이격거리에 2배의 깊이까지 증가범위를 보였다. 또한, 굴착단계별 지표면의 침하로 인한 기초판의 각 변위는 최종단계에서의 각 변위가 가장 크게 발생하였고, 벽체강성별로는 두께 4mm(유연계수 ${ ho};:480m^3/t$) 벽체가 두께 9mm(유연계수 ${ ho};: 40m^3/t$)보다 최대 3배 이상 발생하고 있어 벽체강성의 영향이 매우 큼을 알 수 있다.
핵심용어: 상재하중; 침하; 토류벽체; 배면지반; 벽체강성
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