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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2012;12(2):121-130.
Published online April 30, 2012.
우리나라 주요 산불방지기술 변화 분석
이시영, 윤화영, 성준경, 박흥석
An Analysis and Study on the Change of Forest Fire Technigue in Korea
Si-Young Lee, Hoa Young Yun, Joon Kyung Sung, Houng Sek Park
In this study, we studied and analyzed the change of forest fire policies in order for helping to improve a established forest fire policies. We divided into 7 periods for easier analysis. The first period was `the period of pre-establishing the Korea forest service after independence (1945-1966). And the second was `the period of pre-basic plan of forest` after establishing the Korea forest service(1967-1972). The third was `the period of the first basic plan of forest`(1973-1978). The forth was `the period of the second basic plan of forest`(1979-1987). The fifth was `the period of the third basic plan of forest`(1988-1997). The sixth was `the period of the forth basic plan of forest`(1998-2007). And the seventh was `the period of the fifth basic plan of forest`(2008-present). In the result, the fire fighting organization, system and techniques was made rapid progress after Goseong forest fire in Kangwon region in April 1996. For future large scale forest fire attacking, the establishment of more systematical regional forest fire action plan and exercise from this would be needed.
Key Words: Forest fire policies; Fire fighting organization; Fire system; Fire control techniques
본 연구는 1945년부터 2010년 까지 우리나라 주요 산불정책 변화 분석과 향후 정책대안을 마련하기 위하여 광복이후 산림청 발족 이전(1945~1966), 산림청 발족 이후 산림기본계획 수립이전(1967~1972), 제1차 산림기본계획기(1973~1978), 제2차 산림기본계획기(1979~1987), 제3차 산림기본계획기(1988~1997), 제4차 산림기본계획기(1998~2007), 제5차 산림기본계획기(2008~현재) 등 7단계로 나누어 분석한 결과, 1996년 4월 강원 고성산불을 계기로 산불조직, 제도 및 기술의 발전을 가져왔으며, 향후에는 보다 체계적인 지역단위 산불대응체계의 정착과 훈련이 필요하다.
핵심용어: 산불; 산불정책; 산불조직; 산불제도; 산불기술


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