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Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation 2012;12(2):181-192.
Published online April 30, 2012.
3차원 수치모형을 이용한 댐 붕괴파 모의에 관한 연구
정우창, 이진우, 조용식
A Study on Simulation of Dam-Break Wave Using a Three-Dimensional Numerical Model
Woo Chang Jeong, Jin Woo Lee, Yong-Sik Cho
Abstract
In this study, the simulation of the flood wave due to the dam failure is carried out using a three-dimensional numerical model. The applied numerical model is ANSYS CFX (Ver. 13.0) which is a commercial software developed by ANSYS Inc. This numerical model is applied to three different cases of hydraulic model experiments related to the analysis of the dam-break wave, and the results simulated from three-dimensional model are compared and analyzed with those from laboratory measurements and the two-dimensional numerical model. As results of comparison, the predicted results agree well with measured ones and are more slightly accurate than those from the two-dimensional numerical model. In particular, the peak water depth and its time agree almost accurately with measured ones. Therefore, we can expect that the three-dimensional numerical model applied in this study could be effectively applied to predict the peak water depth and its time after a dam failure.
Key Words: Three-dimensional numerical model; Dam-break wave; Peak water depth; ANSYS CFX
요지
본 연구에서는 3차원 수치모형을 이용하여 댐 붕괴파에 대한 모의를 수행하였다. 적용된 3차원 수치모형은 ANSYS Inc에서 개발한 ANSYS CFX (Ver. 13.0) 상용 프로그램이며, 댐 붕괴파의 전파양상 분석과 관련된 기존의 세 가지 수리모형실험에 대해 측정결과와 2차원 수치모형에 의한 결과와 비교 및 분석을 수행하였다. 비교 결과 3차원 수치모형은 2차원 수치모형에 비해 측정결과에 보다 따르는 경향을 나타냈으며, 특히 첨두수심과 발생시간은 거의 정확하게 일치하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서 적용된 3차원 수치모형은 댐 붕괴에 따른 첨두수심 및 발생시간의 예측에 대해 효과적으로 적용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
핵심용어: 3차원 수치모형; 2차원 수치모형; 댐 붕괴파; 첨두수심


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